The Global Innovation Index (GII) 2022, which is published jointly by Cornell University, INSEAD and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), tracks global innovation trends of 132 economies around the world against the background of an ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, slowing productivity growth and other ongoing challenges. The 15th edition of the GII is based on a comprehensive data set of around 80 indicators from international public and private sources. This 2022 edition of the GII focuses on the effect of innovation on productivity and wellbeing of society over the coming decades.
The study is compiled on the basis of a country's innovation inputs and outputs. Innovation inputs include human capital, research, infrastructure, and market and business sophistication. Innovation outputs include knowledge and technology, as well as creativity. Since 2011, Switzerland has topped the ranking, followed by the US, Sweden and the UK. In the areas of knowledge and technology (number of patents issued, publication of scientific articles, etc.) and creativity (e.g. international brand value), Switzerland achieves top scores.
Published by: Cornell University, INSEAD and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)